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-ru, -yä, & si

Kaltxì. This time I wanna talk about some other things that go onto the end of words, and some stuff.

Topics

The -ru Ending

Those Crazy "____ si" Words

The -ä Ending

Vocabulary Used

The -ru Ending

We've talked about -ìl, -l and -ti, -it, -t. We've also already talked a little bit about using -ur, -ru, -r before, but in this post I want to talk more about it. I also wanna talk about how to use - / -ä. Ok so let's get started with some examples.

Oe yomtìng ikranur.
I feed to the ikran.
I feed the ikran.

As you see in this example, yomtìng is a special action where the person feeding (giving the food) stays as it is, and the one being fed gets -ur, -ru, -r on the end.

Oel ngaru tskoti tìng.
I give a bow to you.
I give you a bow.

Poru tsaylì'ut oel li pameng.
I already told those words to her.
I already told her that.

Pol uniltìranyuru kar fya'oti Na'viyä.
She teaches the Way of the Na'vi to the dreamwalker.
She teaches the dreamwalker the ways of the Na'vi.

Ngaru oel fì'uti pänutìng.
I promise this to you.
I promise you this.

Those Crazy "____ si" Words

Now. I'll bet most of you if not all have seen the Na'vi word si. I know that the dictionary definition is crazy and scary. It's actually simple. Here's how it works:

Ngaru irayo si oe.
I do thanks to you.
I thank you.

Oeru srung si nga.
You do assistance to me.
you help me.

Po awngaru kavuk si.
He does betrayal to us.
He betrays us.

Tsa'u oeyä eltur tìtxen si.
That does awakening to my brain.
That's interesting.

This one is a common phrase. To say something is interesting in Na'vi, you say it "wakes up the brain". eltur tìtxen si, kefyak? (Interesting, isn't it?)

Oe kìte'e si Omatikayaru.
I do service to the Omatikaya.
I serve the Omatikaya clan.

See the pattern?

  1. [something] si pretty much means engage in the act of [something].
  2. You can't just use si with any word. Luckily, all the si words are listed in the dictionary.
  3. -ur, -ru goes on the end of the noun directly affected by the action.
  4. The one doing the action just stays as is with no ending added.

The -ä Ending

And now, a little about the -, -ä. You may have noticed this bit on the end of words in examples above. Here's what's going on:

  1. - and -ä are the same. There are two of them so there is a choice to use which one flows the best.
    • Use - on words that end with any of these: a ä e i ì.
    • Use -ä on words that end with anything else.
  2. These are put on the word which is owning the other. - and -ä are very similar to the English 's or of.
  3. - can be put onto words like oe (I), nga (you), po (s/he), etc. to change the meaning to my, your, his/her, etc. But watch out! When you do this, these kinds of words change a bit so that they end in "-eyä" instead of *"ayä" or *"oyä"

Ngeyä ikran lu ta'lengean.
Your ikran is skin-blue.

Menari Na'viyä lu rim
The eyes of the Na'vi are yellow.

Txewìyä 'eylanä sempul lu taronyu atxantsan.
Txewì's friend's father is an excellent hunter.

Sìlpey oe, fìsänumvi srung sayi ayngaru. Hayalovay. (I hope, This lesson will help you. Until next time.)

Sìlpey oe, fìsänumvi srung sayi ayngaru. Hayalovay.

Vocabulary Used

Na'vi English
oe pn. I, me
yomtìng vin. feed
ikran n. banshee
nga pn. you
tsko n. bow
tìng vtr. give
po pn. s/he
tsaylì'u n. those words
li adv. already
peng vtr. tell
uniltìranyu n. dreamwalker; avatar
kar vtr. teach
fya'o n. way
Na'vi prop.n. (name of the Pandoran humanoid race)
fì'u pn. this
pänutìng vtr. promise
irayo si vin. thank
srung si vin. help, assist
awnga pn. we, us (including you)
kavuk si vin. betray
tsa'u pn. that
eltu n. brain
tìtxen si vin. awaken
eltur tìtxen si phrase. interesting
kìte'e si vin. serve
Omatikaya prop.n. (name of a Na'vi Clan)
lu vin. be, am, is, are
ta'lengean adj. skin-blue
menari n. eyes[2]
rim adj. yellow
Txewì prop.n. (name of a Na'vi child)
'eylan n. friend
sempul n. father
taronyu n. hunter
txantsan adj. excellent
sìlpey vin. hope
sänumvi n. lesson
aynga pn. you[many]
hayalovay phrase. until next time
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